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Timeline Figures H HH03

Timeline Figures H

Age of Discovery through the fall of world Communism

Subject: history_geography
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Over 120 Timeline Figures for Sonlight H on self-adhesive heavy card stock. Just cut them out, color, and stick them in your Timeline Book.

Timeline Figures

Sonlight's Timeline Book paired with program-specific Timeline Figures make creating your own timeline easy and delightful.

Figures included in this Timeline Figures set are:

  • Philip II (1527-1598) rules wealthy Spain
  • William I of Orange (William the Silent) (1533-1584) fights Spain for Dutch independence (1568-1584)
  • James VI of Scotland and I of England (1566-1625) pursues Divine Right of Kings
  • Guy Fawkes (1570-1606) plans Gunpowder Plot to rid England of James I and Protestants
  • James I commissions a new English version of the Bible (published 1611)
  • Colonists establish Jamestown (1607)
  • Samuel Champlain (1567-1635) establishes Quebec in New France
  • Pilgrims arrive in Plymouth (1620)
  • Shah Abbas I a Safavid (1571-1629) rules a strong and prosperous Persia (1588-1629)
  • Murad IV (1612-1640), a strong and cruel ruler, regains Ottoman Empire's power (1623-1640)
  • In the Thirty Years War (1618-1648), Protestants and Catholic nations fight for power
  • Shogun Tokugawa Iemitsu (1604-1651) closes Japan and prohibits Christianity (1633-1639)
  • Manchu conquer China; create large and wealthy nation (1644-1680)
  • Indian Moghul, Nuruddin Jahangir (1569-1627), establishes trade with England (1605-1627)
  • Shah Jahan (1592-1666) builds Taj Mahal to honor his wife (1630-1653)
  • Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658) beheads Charles I, ending the Divine Right of Kings in England (1649)
  • Sun King Louis XIV (1638-1715) is absolute ruler of France (1661-1715)
  • Frederick I (1657-1713) forms new nation of Prussia; begins nationalism or loyalty to state
  • King Philip's War; Indians fight colonists (1675-1676)
  • William Penn (1644-1718) establishes Pennsylvania based on Quaker beliefs (1681)
  • Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) uses observation as basis of scientific method
  • Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) writes laws of gravity and Principia Mathematica (Principles of Mathematics)
  • Peter the Great (1672-1725) pushes Russia into the modern era; founds St Petersburg
  • Boston rebels stage the "Tea Party" in protest of English taxes (1773)
  • American Constitution is signed (1787); Bill of Rights is added (1791)
  • Captain James Cook (1728-1779) explores the South Seas and charts Australia (1769-1770)
  • Catherine the Great (1729-1796) rules Russia; writes laws, builds schools and hospitals
  • James Watt (1736-1819) invents steam engine; Industrial Revolution begins
  • Napoleon (1769-1821) rules as first consul of France (1799-1804); Rules as Emperor Napoleon I (1804-1814)
  • Admiral Nelson (1758-1805) wins the Battle of Trafalgar (October 21, 1805), prevents Napoleon from attacking England
  • Lewis and Clark explore the Louisiana Territory (1803-1806); Meriwether Lewis (1774-1809), William Clark (1770-1838)
  • Napoleon conquers Austria, Russia, Spain, and seeks Portugal (1798-1801)
  • Napoleon attacks Russia; six hundred thousand men die due to weather (1812)
  • Americans fight Britain in War of 1812 due to impressment and Indian aid (1812-1815)
  • Napoleon is defeated at Waterloo; is sent to St. Helena (1815)
  • Simón Bolívar (1783-1830) liberates South America from Spanish rule
  • William Wilberforce (1759-1833) moves Parliament to outlaw slavery
  • Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) signs Indian Removal Act (1830); results in the Trail of Tears (1838)
  • Inequitable Treaty of Nanjing signed and gives Britain many rights in China (1842)
  • California Gold Rush (1849)
  • Queen Victoria (1819-1901) rules British Empire where "the sun never sets" (1837-1901)
  • Powerful British East India Company rules through trade (1600-1858)
  • Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry (1794-1858) opens Japan to U.S. (and world) trade
  • Dr. David Livingstone (1813-1873) explores Africa; fights slave trade; serves as missionary
  • Livingstone meets Stanley (Sir Henry Stanley 1841-1904): "Dr. Livingstone, I presume"
  • Emancipation Proclamation (1863); Lincoln's assasination (1865); Reconstruction Act (1867-1868)
  • Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec and Ontario become the Dominion of Canada, a "Confederation" (1867)
  • France moves through monarchies, empires, and republics, but settles as a republic (1792-1870)
  • Bismarck (1815–1898) influences Prussian ruler, Kaiser Wilhelm, to unify German states into one country (1871)
  • Meiji Restoration "restores" power to Japanese Emperor; daimyos embraces western ideas (1866-1869)
  • Russia attacks Ottoman Empire; wins land; Ottoman Empire is weakened (1877-1878)
  • Suez Canal opens (1869)
  • Australia joins British Commonwealth (1901)
  • Scramble for Africa (1877-1914)
  • Irish Potato Famine (1845-1850)
  • English refuse Irish Home Rule; leads to years of violence in Ireland (1886-present)
  • British claim Cape Town and prohibit slavery; Boers leave and move north (1814-1840)
  • Britsh-Boer War (1899–1902)
  • Ottoman Ruler Abdulhamid II (1842-1914) orders Turkish soldiers to put an end to the Armenian Revolt by killing Armenians wherever they are found. 100,000-300,000 are killed (1894-1897)
  • China and Japan fight over Korea in the ongoing Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895)
  • Japan occupies and rules Korea (1910-1945)
  • U.S. battleship USS Maine explodes; U.S. declares war on Spain (1898)
  • The Spanish-American War (1898)
  • Teddy Roosevelt (1858-1919) leads Rough Riders up San Juan Hill in Cuba (1898)
  • Filipino soldiers fight U.S. troops for freedom; they lose; Philippines becomes a U.S. Protectorate (1898-1946)
  • At the Battle of Little Bighorn, General George Armstrong Custer (1839-1876) fights Crazy Horse and loses (1876)
  • Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919) works hard, builds a steel company, and gives away millions
  • The Boxer Rebellion in China protests western rule and Christianity (1900)
  • Empress Dowager Tzu Hsi (1835-1908) supports the Boxers (1900)
  • Russia, Japan, the U.S., Britain, and France send troops to China and successfully quell the Boxer Rebellion (1900)
  • Russia builds railroad through Manchuria and China to Port Arthur (1897-1901)
  • Japan attacks Russia; Japan wins; Russia gives Port Arthur to Japan (1904-1905)
  • Shah Mozaffar al-Din (1853-1907) of Persia sells permission to seek oil to an Englishman (1901)
  • A Serb kills heir to Austrian throne and triggers First World War (1914)
  • Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925) establishes Nationalist Party and forms the Chinese Republic
  • The sinkinking of the RMS Lusitania by German submarines plays a role in U.S. involvment in World War I (1915)
  • The Great War or World War I (1914-1918)
  • Russian Czar Nicholas (1868-1918) abdicates; a Provisional government remains in World War I (1917)
  • Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924), a Bolshevik, overthrows the Russian government (1917)
  • In England and America, women gain the right to vote (1918, 1920)
  • Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948) preaches nonviolent noncooperation for Indian Independence (1947)
  • W. Wilson, G. Clemenceau, and David George write Treaty of Versailles (1919)
  • Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924) inspires the creation of the League of Nations to resolve world issues (1918)
  • Joseph Stalin (1879-1953), the man of steel, rules Russia with an iron hand (1922-1953)
  • Prime Minister Benito Mussolini, Il Duce (1883-1945), rules Italy as Dictator
  • Emperor Hirohito (1901-1989) rules Japan (1926-1989)
  • Mao Tse-tung (1893-1976) forms Chinese Communist Party (1921)
  • Charles Lindbergh (1902-1974) flies solo over the Atlantic Ocean (1927)
  • The Great Depression (1929-1930s)
  • Adolf Hitler (1889-1945), German dictator, appointed Chancellor of Germany (1933)
  • Civil war breaks out in Spain between Monarchists, Republicans, and independence fighters (1936-1939)
  • German troops gain control of Czechoslovakia and then Poland (1939)
  • Allies and Axis powers fight in World War II (1939-1945)
  • Japan attacks U.S. at Pearl Harbor (1941)
  • On Kristallnacht, German mobs destroy homes and shops owned by Jews (1938)
  • The Holocaust (1935-1945)
  • In the Battle of Britain, British aviators protect England from German bombers (July 10, 1940-October 31, 1940)
  • On D-Day, Allied forces land on French beaches to push Germans back (June 6, 1944)
  • The U.S. drops an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan (August 6, 1945)
  • United Nations is formed after World War II with the purpose of world peace (1945)
  • India gains freedom from Britain (August 15, 1947)
  • Israel declares independence (May 14, 1948)
  • Brother Andrew (1928–Present)
  • Cultural Revolution (1966-1978)
  • Communists control the People's Republic of China with Mao as chairman (October 1, 1949)
  • Korean War (1950-1953)
  • Fascist Juan Peron (1895-1974) rules Argentina with an iron fist (1946-1955)
  • U.S. Soviet Cold War (1945-1991)
  • Soviets launch first satellite, Sputnik I, into space; the Space Race begins (1957)
  • Apollo 11 (1969) carries Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong to the moon and back
  • American Cubans invade Cuba at the Bay of Pigs; Castro wins (1961)
  • During the Cuban Missile Crisis, Soviet Union and U.S. come to the edge of war (1962)
  • While campaigning for a second term, popular John F. Kennedy (1917-1963) is assassinated (November 22, 1963)
  • Brown v. Board of Education: Supreme Court rules that racially segregated schools violate the Constitution (1954)
  • Vietnam War (1954-1975)
  • Israel wins the Six-Day War against Arab attackers; takes land from defeated foes (1967)
  • The Oil Embargo - OPEC stops selling oil to countries that supported Israel (1973)
  • Khomeini creates Iranian Islamic state (1979)
  • Iraq invades Iran; Iran-Iraq War; oil wells are destroyed (1980-1988)
  • Chernobyl power plant explodes; nuclear disaster worst in history (1986)
  • Mikhail Gorbachev (1931-present) introduces "perestroika," "glasnost," and economic restructuring
  • Chinese "Red Guards" purge all "intellectuals" and "imperialists" in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (1966-1976)
  • Tiananmen Square massacre kills students protesting for freedom (1989)
  • The Berlin Wall is torn down (1989)
  • Demise of the Soviet Union (1991)
  • First Persian Gulf War (1991)
  • Decolonization of the various African countries (1952-1975)
  • Nelson Mandela (1918-2013) is elected as the first black president of South Africa (1994)

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